2018考研英语备考如何攻克阅读细节题

2017/11/1 15:38:41 互联网

2018年11月1日,对,就是今天,不知道你相不相信这是你余生最年轻的一天,那你有没有想过怎样过好这余生里最年轻的一天,不巧的是,接下来的一个月也即将成为你最年轻的一个月,接下来的52天不仅是你最年轻的52天,还是你考研生涯最重要的52天,其实小编只是想说,当最年轻的52天撞上考研生涯最重要的52天,你有没有想好要怎样度过~~~

自己想吧,越长大你越会发现,人生好多事是别人不能代替的,小编只能在这里提醒大家时不我待,还望珍惜;只能在这里默默祝福大家,因为你们的努力有目共睹,相信在哪里播种会在哪里开花;只是希望大家照顾好自己,保重身体,因为考研是个劳心劳力的事儿,无论哪一方面都不能拉后腿,加油吧考研人!!!

今天小编整理了考研英语复习中,如何更好的去攻克英语阅读题。供考生们参阅:

首先,考生要了解细节题的命题模式。

  细节题包括事实识别,观点识别,因果识别及which题型。

  题干提示词有:which,what,why,who,how,how many, cause, because, result, true, not true, mention, not mention等。

其次,考生要清楚解题核心技巧。

  a.定位:根据题干的定位词回文定位,寻找线索句。

  特别提示:题目顺序与文章顺序基本一致,视情况灵活处理。 b.替换:将四个选项与线索句一一比对,表达方式不同意思最为接近的选项就是正确答案。

  c.排除:排除干扰选项,再次确定正确选项。

 再次,举例解析细节题。

  1.A history of long and effortless success can be a dreadful handicap, but, if properly handled, it may become a driving force. When the United Stated entered just such a glowing period after the end of the Second World War, it had a market eight times larger than any competitor, giving its industries unparalleled economies of scale. Its scientists were the world’s best, its workers the most skilled. America and Americans were prosperous beyond the dreams of the Europeans and Asians whose economies the war had destroyed.

  51. The U.S. achieved its predominance after World War II because_____.(2000text1)

  A. it had made painstaking efforts towards this goal

  B. its domestic market was eight times larger than before

  C. the war had destroyed the economies of most potential competitors

  D. the unparalleled size of its workforce had given an impetus to its economy

  解析:此题是细节题中的因果识别,根据题干中的定位词来找线索句:America and Americans were prosperous beyond the dreams of the Europeans and Asians whose economies the war had destroyed.通过线索句与选项进行一一比较,表达方式不同意思最为接近的同义替换选项是C。

  错误选项分析:A选项painstaking efforts与原文的第一句中effortless success不符。B选项中than before与原文中than any competitor是不符的。D选项中unparalleled size of its workforce与原文中unparalleled economies of scale是移花接木。



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