大家一起来啃新概念第四册:第三课(上)

2011/7/6 14:26:42

Lesson 3 Matterhorn man

第三课马特霍恩山区人

by WALTER UNSWORTH

from Matterhorn Man

3-1. Modern alpinists try to climb mountains by a route which will give them good sport, and the more difficult it is, the more highly it is regarded.

【译文】

现代登山运动员力图沿着一条能从中得到锻炼乐趣的路线登山。他们认为路线愈艰难则愈为人们所重视。

【讲解】

try后接动词不定式,作make an attempt解,译为“力图”。by a route中by意为“沿,经”。it指a route。

【单词和短语】

regard:看待,把……看作(to think about someone or something in a particular way)。

3-2. In the pioneering days, however, this was not the case at all.

【译文】

然而在登山运动初创期全然并非如此。

【讲解】

in the pioneering days指在初创时期,指登山运动的初创期。

【单词和短语】

pioneering:创新的,先驱的(introducing new and better methods or ideas for the first time)。

例如:
the pioneering work of NASA scientists
(美国)国家航空和航天局科学家们所作的开创性工作

3-3. The early climbers were looking for the easiest way to the top, because the summit was the prize they sought, especially if it had never been attained before.

【译文】

早期登山者所寻找的是通往山顶的最方便的途径,因为顶峰,尤其是仍未被人征服过的顶峰,才是他们寻求的目标。

【讲解】

to the top是介词短语,作way的定语,指“到达顶峰的路”。they sought是定语从句,作prize的定语,指“他们追求的目标”。if it had never been attained before中的it指the summit。

【单词和短语】

summit:山顶(the top of a mountain)。summit另一常见含义为峰会(an important meeting or set of meetings between the leaders of several governments),

例如:
The two presidents agreed to hold a summit in the April.
两位总统同意在四月举行峰会。

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