课文详注 Further notes on the text
1．One good turn deserves another,（标题）礼尚往来。
Yesterday George did me a good/ an ill turn.
He is always ready to do a turn for others.
His words deserve attention.
Mary deserves the prize.
2．He gets a good salary…他的薪水很高……
It takes me a good three hours to get there.
3．…but he always borrows money from his friends and never pays it back. ……但他却总是向朋友借钱，并且从来不还。
…so now you can pay for my dinner!
How much did you pay for that dress?
I paid the bill.
语法 Grammar in use
2．动词+名词／代词+ 带to 的不定式
I want to speak to John.
我想和约翰谈话。(=I will speak.)
I want you to speak to John.
我希望你和约翰谈谈。(=You will speak.)
但是，还有一些动词后面用不定式作宾语时，其后通常必须有一名词或代词。这类动词有：allow, advise, help, teach, tell, request等等。这类动词不但可用于主动语态，也可用于被动语态：
Mr. Turner did not allow us to see the picture.
We were not allowed to see the picture.
He taught me to paint.
Jane helped Julie to cook the meal.
词汇学习 Word study
My salary is paid on the 28th of the month.
When I worked as a waiter, the wages were low, but the tips were good.
Women often get low wages.
He borrowed my pen yesterday. He hasn't given me it yet.
Can I borrow ￡ 20 from you please? I'll pay/ give it back tomorrow.
He refused to lend any money to Tom.
Can you lend me ￡ 20 please? I'll pay/ give it back tomorrow.
Can you lend your car to me this afternoon?
练习答案 Key to written exercises
A a he is now working (1.2)
b he gets (1.3); he always borrows (1.3); never pays it back (1.4)
c came in…worked (11.2-2); Tony saw (1.4); came and sat (1.4); I asked him (1.6); he gave me (1.7); Tony said (1.8)
d He has never borrowed (1.5); I have never borrowed (1.7)
e I was having (1.1); he was eating (1.6)
C 1 gets…got
2 have not had
3 was writing…talked/ were talking
4 am typing
5 passed/ were passing
D The Taj Mahal was built…after he became/ had become ruler, his wife…died. The Taj Mahal was built in her honour. Experts were called in…The Taj Mahal, which was begun in 1632 and (was) completed in 1654, cost a fortune…it has been visited by…
A 1 The officer ordered the men to fire at the enemy.
2 He wants his wife to wear this dress.
3 She wants us to explain it.
4 I cannot allow him to enter the room.
B (sample sentences)
1 He asked me to help him.
2 We preferred her to stay at home.
3 He taught me to speak English.
4 My mother wished me to collect the laundry.
5 Do you want her to visit you?
1 salary 2 lent…salary/ wages 3 borrowed 4 wages 5 wages
1 b 2 b 3 b 4 a 5 b 6 c
7 c 8 a 9 c 10 c 11b 12 d