新概念英语第一册语法总结(8)

2011/10/21 13:25:20

  8 过去将来时

  结构:would do

  She said she would go here the next morning.

  两个 特殊句型:there be 句型,be going to 结构

  1) Be going to 结构

  表示打算,准备,计划做某事

  ★结构:主语+be动词+going to +动词原型

  I am going to make a bookcase.

  They are going to paint it.

  The father is going to give the bookcase to his daughter.

  ★变疑问句将be动词移到句首

  Are you going to make a bookcase?

  Are they going to paint it?

  Is the father going to give the bookcase to his daughter?

  ★变否定句在be动词后面加not

  I am not going to make a bookcase.

  They are going to paint it.

  The father is not going to give the bookcase to his daughter.

  ★肯定回答及否定回答

  Yes, I am. No, I am not.

  Yes, they are. No, they are not.

  Yes, he is. No, he is not.

  ★特殊疑问句

  What are you going to do?

  What are they going to do?

  What is the father going to do?

  (必背)

  2) There be 句型

  表示哪里有什么东西(某处有某物)

  There is+单数名词+表示场所的词(一般为介词词组)

  There is a book in this room.

  There is a pen on the table

  There are+复数名词+表示场所的词(一般为介词词组)

  There are two pens on the table.

  There are three schools there.

  ★变疑问句将be动词移到句首

  Is there a book in this room?

  Are there two pens on the table?

  ★变否定句在动词后面加not

  There is not a book in this room.

  There are not two pens on the table.

  ★肯定回答及否定回答

  Yes, there is. No, there is not.

  Yes, there are. No, there are not.

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