雅思分类词汇:教育常用词(2)

2012/5/10 10:37:26 人人网
填鸭式教学法 cramming/forced-feeding method of teaching
普及教育 universal education
义务教育 compulsory education; free education
学前教育 preschool education
初等教育 elementary education
中等教育 secondary education
高等教育 higher/tertiary education
普遍教育 general education
成人教育 adult education
职业技术教育 vocational and technical education
国家教育委员会 State Education Commission
高等学校 institution of higher education
综合性大学 comprehensive university
文科大学 university of liberal arts
文科院校 colleges of art
理工科大学 college/university of science and engineering
师范大学 normal university; teachers' university
师范学院 teachers' college
工业大学 polytechnic university
工业学院 engineering institute
农业大学 agricultural university
农学院 agricultural college
医科大学 medical university
医学院 medical college/school
中医院 institute of traditional Chinese medicine
音乐学院 conservatory of music
美术学院 academy of fine arts
体育学院 physical culture institute
分校 branch school
重点学校 key school
业余学校 spare-time school
业余职工大学 spare-time college for staff and workers
电视广播大学 television and radio broadcasting university
函授学院 correspondence school
教师进修学校 teachers' college for vocational studies
成人夜校 night school for adults
业余艺术/体育学校 amateur arts/athletic school
半工半读学校 part-work and part-study school
中等专业学校 secondary specialized school; polytechnic school
中等技术学校 secondary technical school; technical secondary school
职业学校 vocational school
附中 attached middle school
在职进修班 in-service training course
进修班 class for advanced studies
短训班 short-term training course
专修科 special (training) course
自学考试 self-taught examination
教职员 teaching and administrative staff
教学人员 the faculty; teaching staff
中、小学校长headmaster/headmistress; principal
大专院校校长 president; chancellor
教务长 dean of studies
(系)主任 chairman; chairperson
副主任 vice-chairman
教授 professor
副教授 associate professor
客座教授 visiting professor; guest professor
讲师 lecturer
助教 assistant
专职教师 full-time teacher
兼职教师 part-time teacher
辅导员 assistant for political and ideological work
教研室/组 teaching and research section/group
教学组 teaching group
教员休息室 staff room; common room
母校 Alma Mater
校友 alumnus; alumna
学生会 students' union/association
高年级学生 upper/higher grade pupil/student; pupil/student in senior grades
低年级学生 lower grade pupil/student; pupil/student in junior grades
走读生 day student; non-resident student
住宿生 boarder
旁听生 auditor
研究生 graduate student; post-graduate (student)
应届毕业生 graduating student/pupil; this year's graduates
听课 to visit a class; to sit in on a class; to attend a lecture
公开课 open class
课程 course; curriculum
必修课 required/compulsory course
选修课 elective/optional course
基础课 basic course
专业课 specialized course
课程表 school timetable
课外活动 extracurricular activities
课外辅导 instruction after class
课外阅读 outside reading
课堂讨论 class discussion
(大学的)研究小组;讨论会 seminar
教学大纲 teaching program; syllabus
教学内容 content of courses
学习年限 period of schooling
学历 record of formal schooling
学年 school/academic year
学期 (school)term; semester
学分 credit
分数 mark; grade
五分制 the 5-grade marking system
百分制 100-mark system
学习成绩 academic record; school record
成绩单 school report; report card; transcript
毕业论文 thesis; dissertation
毕业实习 graduation field work
毕业设计 graduation ceremony
毕业典礼 graduation ceremony; commencement
毕业证书 diploma; graduation certificate
毕业鉴定 graduation appraisal
授予某人学位 to confer a degree on sb.
升级 to be promoted to a higher grade
留级 to repeat the year's work; to stay down
补考 make-up examination
升学t o go to a school of a higher grade; to enter a higher school
升学率 proportion of students entering schools of a higher grade
奖学金 scholarship
(国家)助学金 (state)stipend/subsidy
领取助学金的学生 a grant-aided student
学费 tuition (fee)
伙食费 board expenses
伙食补助 food allowance
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