托福技巧

2012/5/28 11:24:50 人人网

手把手教你托福口语做题技巧

 

新托福考试的口语部分共6道题,第1题和第2题为独立回答题。每道题的准备时间为15秒,回答问题时间为45秒。

通常来说题目都不需要考生具备某一学科的专业知识,第一题是有关选择相关的人物,地点,事物或时间并就其发表观点,第二题是就两种可能的情况做出选择。例如:

1、Describe an object that is very special in your life. Explain why this object is important to you.

2、Some universities require students to participate in community service activities. What do you think are the advantages and disadvantages of having such a policy? Include details and examples in your explanation.

在回答的时候,要通过举例或细节描述支持论点,表达时可以运用定义,描写,比较,比喻或举例等合适的方法。恰当的细节描述来支撑自己的观点。例如:就上面的两个问题来回答:

1、Describe an object that is very special in your life. Explain why this object is important to you.

The object that is special for me is the book Harry potter one. I cherish it very much for the following several reasons. First, it is a present that my mother gave to me as my eleventh birthday gift. Second, after reading this book, I found books are actually amazing; the plots in it are quite impressive. And then, I developed an interest in reading books. I really appreciate that the book brings me to this fantastic world. Finally, by talking about the book, I meet so many friends that have the common interest of me. Therefore, this book is truly special for me, I'll cherish it forever.

分析:首先明确指出了书的名字:Harry potter one. 开门见山。很多时候中国考生说话喜欢兜圈子,话说了好多,但还没有说到要点。这是不对的,美国人的思维是看门见山,直截了当的说出自己的观点。接下来,采用了First, Second, Finally这样的词汇来阐述自己的观点,这样可以让听者很清晰的把握内容的脉络,很具有条理性。而且在论证的过程中还才采用了大量的细节描述,after reading this book, I found books are actually amazing; the plots in it are quite impressive. And then, I developed an interest in reading books. I really appreciate that the book brings me to this fantastic world. 使回答的内容更具有了说服力,内容完成,回答缜密。

2、Some universities require students to participate in community service activities. What do you think are the advantages and disadvantages of having such a policy? Include details and examples in your explanation.

There are both advantages and disadvantages of a policy that requires students to participate in community service activities. One of the advantages is that it might help students understand the importance of good will and charity. Another advantage is that it will help students understand other people better. The most important advantage of such a policy is that it will help bridge gaps between different age, class, and ethnic groups. Some people might also argue that there are some drawbacks to having such a policy. One of those disadvantages might be that forcing people to do things they don't want to do usually has some kind of consequence. Furthermore, when people are receiving help from others, they usually give their trust to their helpers; if the volunteers don't want to be there, it might prevent some people from helping.

分析:总体来看,内容完整,条理清晰,很自然的就能从回答中获得所需要的信息。先说出了问题的优势,再指出劣势。而且关系一层层的递进,例如:One of the advantages, Another advantage, The most important advantage. 这样读下来,可以轻松的知道优势在哪。 同样,在说劣势的时候,也采用了这种形式:One of those disadvantages, Furthermore. 论证的时候能通过举例,细节描述去证明观点: Furthermore, when people are receiving help from others, they usually give their trust to their helpers; if the volunteers don't want to be there, it might prevent some people from helping. 这样是内容更加丰满了。在提出一个观点的时候,一般来说至少要用2个以上的论据去支撑自己的论点,否则就会显得太单薄,缺乏感染力和说服力,也会造成让人觉得口语水平不高等这样的弊端。所以一定要用细节来充实内容。

上面是就第一和第二两题的一些阐述。老生常谈,说到口语,自然会联想到语音语调等。这是口语的基础,也是一个人的 “门面”。在刚听到口语的时候,第一印象就是语音,标准的发音,适中的语速会给人留下好的印象。所以在发音方面一定要注意,可以跟读磁带或者多与外国人交流,潜移默化中,发音就会被纠正的。再加上把握住上面提到的一些回答的技巧,相信可以使口语水平有一个质的飞跃的!

 

盘点托福听力真题里出现的经典句子

 

在英语听力里有一些词语很经典,但却是考生听不懂意思的小词小句,以下文章为大家总结了那些词语,以及在出现这些词语的真题。希望对你的托福听力备考有所帮助。

1.take a rain check 改天吧

Model: [1998.8.北美(29)]
—— Can you come over for dinner tonight? (今天晚上来吃饭好吗?)
—— I’m up to my ears in work, so I’ll have to take a rain check.(我工作很忙,改天吧。)

2. lost count 弄不清楚

Model: [2000.1.(21)]
—— Ever since your girlfriend moved to Bridgeport, you are always driving there. How many trips a week do you make anyway?(自从你的女友搬到Bridgeport,你老是开车去看她。一周去几次啊?)
——I have lost count, but I can do it with my eyes closed.(搞不清楚了,但我闭着眼也能摸过去。)

3. be in another world 精神恍惚;魂不守舍

Model: [1996.5.(25)]
—— Pete’s really out of it these days.(Pete 这几天有点心不在焉。)
—— Yeah, I know. Ever since he met Ann, he’s been in another world.(我同意。自从他遇见Ann, 他就魂不守舍了。)

4. make yourself at home 随意,随便

Model: [1999.8.(7)]
—— Do you mind if I take off my jacket?(你介意我脱下夹克吗?)
—— Of course not, make yourself at home.(当然不介意,随意一点!)

5. save your breath 省口气吧;别白费口舌了

Model: [1995.10.(14)]
—— Hey? John! John!(嘿,John! John!)
—— Save your breath. He"s out of earshot.(省口气吧。他已经听不到了。)

6. make sense 有意义,理解

Model: [1999.1.(29)]
—— The plot of that movie is hard to follow.(那部电影的情节很难跟得上。)
—— It makes more sense the second time.(再看一遍就理解了。)

7. cost sb. an arm and a leg 非常昂贵

Model: [1999。1。(4)]
——Did you see the diamond ring Bill gave to Linda?(你看到Bill送给Linda的钻戒了吗?)
——I sure did. It must have cost him an arm and a leg.(当然了。那一定很昂贵。)

8.burn a hole in one’s pocket 很快地被花光

Model: [1997.10 ]
——Have you saved enough to buy that new printer for your computer yet? (你攒足钱给你的电脑买一台新打印机了吗?)
——You know money seems to be burning a hole in my pocket lately . Maybe next month. (这几个月我花钱如流水。也许下个月吧。)

9.fill one’s shoes 很好地顶替;令人满意地替代

Model: [1997.8.]
——Have you heard that Professor Jones is retiring? (你听说Jones教授要退休了吗?)
——Yes. The faculty won’t find anyone to fill her shoes. (是的。学校将很难找到合适的人来代替她。)

10.is ice cold 表示理所当然

Model: [1995.10.]
——Does Prof. Ford always come to class? (Ford教授总是来上课吗?)
——Is ice cold? (当然了。)

11.like apples and oranges 用来表示无法相比的事物

Model: [1997.1.]
——Which game do you think is more difficult to learn, chess or bridge? (你认为桥牌和象棋哪个更难学?)
——They are like apples and oranges. (它俩没法比较。)

12.look for a needle in a hay stack 大海捞针

Model: [1990.1.]
——We are supposed to meet John here at the train station. (我们要在火车站接John。)
——That’s like looking for a needle in a hay stack . (那可真是大海捞针。)

13.lose one’s train of 忘记

Model: [1995.1.]
——When you interrupted me, you made me lose my train of thought. (你打断了我的思考,我忘记我在想什么了。)

14.meet each other half way 相互妥协,让步

Model: [1992.8.]
——My chemistry project is in trouble because my partner and I had totally different ideas about how to proceed. (我的化学课题出问题了。在进展问题上,我与我的合作者意见完全不同。)
——You should try to meet each other half way. (你们应该相互妥协。)

15.on the dot 准时;正点

Model: [1992.8.]
——Did you and Amanda really meet exactly five minutes to two in front of the theatre? (你和Amanda确实在差5分两点的时候到达剧院门口了吗?)
——Yes, we were both there on the dot. (是的,我俩都准点到达。)

16.once and for all 最后一次;干脆

Model: [1996.1.]
——I am going to tell that neighbor of mine to turn down that music once and for all.(我要最后一次告诉我那个邻居把音乐声关小。)
——I see why you are angry. But I’ve always found that the polite route is the most effective. (我明白你为什么恼火。但我总觉得礼貌的方式是最有效的。)

17.out of earshot 不在听力所及范围

Model: [1995.10.]
——Hey? John! John! (嗨! John! John! )
——Save your breath. He’s out of earshot. (省口气吧,他听不见。)

18.out of this world 非常好

Model: [1995.10.]
——Have you tried Susan’s apple pie? (你试过Susan的苹果派吗?)
——I got the last piece. And it was out of this world. (我拿到最后一块。好吃极了。)

19.play by ear 随机应变,视情形而定

Model: [1989.8.]
——Marty, are you doing anything special for your presentation in political science tomorrow? (Marty,你在为明天的政治学演讲准备与众不同的材料吗?)
——Not really, because the class so often turns into a discussion, I’ve decided to play it by ear. (不。那门课常常最后变成讨论。我决定视情形而定。)

20. ring a bell 令人想起某件事;听起来耳熟

Model: [1992.10.]
——That name just doesn’t ring a bell with me. (那个名字我一点也不熟。)

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