四六级语法概述(1)

2012/5/28 15:37:26

         at large(=at liberty, free) 在逃, 逍遥法外

         at large(=in general) 一般来说, 大体上 at large(=at full length; with details)详细地
       

         accuse…of…(=charge…with; blame sb. for sth.         
       

        allow for (=take into consideration, take into account) 考虑到, 估计到  .
       
        amount to (=to be equal to) 总计, 等于.
       
        answer for (undertake responsibility for, be liable for, take charge for) 对…负责.
       
        abide by(=be faithful to ; obey)忠于;遵守
       
        comply with (=act in accordance with a demand, order, rule etc.) 遵守, 依从
       
        apply to sb. for sth. 为…向…申请 ; apply for申请; apply to 适用.
       
        apply to 与…有关;适用
        arise from(=be caused by) 由…引起.
       
        arrive on 到达; arrive at 到达某地(小地方);得出,作出; arrive in 到达某地(大地方);
       
        be ashamed of (=feel shame, guilt or sorrow because of sth. done) 以…  为羞耻
       
        assure sb. of sth. (=try to cause to believe or trust in sth.) 向…保证, 使…确信.
       
        attach(to) (=to fix, fasten; join) 缚, 系 ,结
       
        attend to (=give one’s attention, care and thought)注意,照顾;attend on(upon)(=wait upon, serve, look after) 侍候,照料
       
        in accordance with (=in agreement with) 依照,根据
        on one’s own account  1) 为了某人的缘故, 为了某人自己的利益  2) (=at one’s own risk) 自行负责  3) (=by oneself)依靠自己  on account 赊账; on account of 因为; on no account不论什么原因也不;of …account 有…..重要性.
       
        take…into account(=consider)把...考虑进去
       
        account for (=give an explanation or reason for) 解释, 说明.
       
        on account of (=because of) 由于,因为.
       
        be accustomed to (=be in the habit of, be used to)习惯于.
       
        be acquainted with(=to have knowledge of) 了解; (=to have met socially  ) 熟悉
       
        act on 奉行,按照…行动; act as 扮演; act for 代理
        adapt oneself to(=adjust oneself to) 使自己适应于
       
        adapt…(for) (=make sth. Suitable for a new need) 改编, 改写(以适应新的需要)
       
        in addition (=besides) 此外, 又, 加之
       
        in addition to(=as well as, besides, other than)除…外
       
        adhere to (=abide by, conform to, comply with, cling to, insist on, pe rsist in, observe, opinion, belief ) 粘附; 坚持, 遵循
       
        adjacent(=next to, close to) 毗邻的, 临近的

       
        have an advantage over 胜过.  have the advantage of 由于…处于有利条件  have the advantage of sb.知道某人所不知道的事
       
        take advantage of (=make the best of, utilize, make use of, profit from, harness)利用.
       
        attribute…to…(=to believe sth. to be the result of…)把..归因于.., 认为..是..的结果
       
        begin with 以…开始. to begin with (=first of all) 首先, 第一(经常用于开始语)
       
        on behalf of (=as the representative of) 以…名义
       
        believe in(=have faith or trust in; consider sth.sb. to be true) 相信,依赖,信仰.
       
        get the better of (=defeat sb.) 打败, 胜过.
       
        by birth 在出生上,论出身,按血统 at birth 在出生时; give birth to 出生
       
        blame sb. for sth. 因…责备某人 . blame sth. on sb. 把…推在某人身上
       
        in blossom开花(指树木) be in blossom开花(强调状态) come into blossom开花(强调动作)
       
        take the floor 起立发言
       
        be capable of 能够, 有能力  be capable of being +过去分词是能够被…的
       
        compare…with … 把…与…比较
       
        compare…to… 把…比作…
       
        complain of (or about)抱怨;诉苦;控告;complain about 抱怨某人或事情; complain to sb. about sth. (or sb.) 向某人抱怨…; complain (抱怨); complement (补充); compliment (恭维)
       
        delight in(=take great pleasure in doing sth.)喜欢, 取乐         take (a) delight in 喜欢干…, 以…为乐
       
        demand sth. from sb. 向某人要求(物质的)东西
       
        deprive sb. of sth. 剥夺某人某物
       
        deviate from 偏离, 不按…办
       
        on a diet 吃某种特殊饮食, 节食
       
        differ from…in 与…的区别在于…
       
        dispose of (=get rid of ,throw away)处理掉
       
        beyond dispute不容争议的,无可争议
       
        in dispute 在争议中
       
        (be) distinct from ( = be different from) 与…截然不同
       
        distinguish between (=make or recognize differences) 辨别
       
        distinguish…from 把…与…区别开
       
        do away with(=get rid of; abolish; discard eliminate) 除去,废除,取消; do away with (=kill) 杀掉, 镇压
       
        come off duty 下班
       
        be in sympathy with 赞同,同情
       
        in terms of (=with regard to; respectively) 按照, 根据, 在…方面
       
        behind the times (思想,看法)落后于时代
       
        behind time (=late) 迟到, 晚点
       
        for the time being (=temporarily)暂时
       
        be in touch with 与…有接触, 有联系 be out of touch with 与…没有联系或接触
       
        in view of (=considering) 考虑到… in the view of 按…的意思
       
        as a whole (=in general) 就整体而论
       
        on the whole (=generally, for the most part) 大体上说
       
        against one’s will 违心地, 违背意愿地 at will 随心所欲; with a will 有决心地
       
        be aware of (=be conscious of )意识到,知道
        in any case(=for love or money, at any rate, at any price, at any cost  , whatever happens; anyhow)无论如何
       
        in case (=for fear that) 万一;
       
        in case of (=in the event of)如果发生…万一  in the case of 至于…, 就…而言
       
        in no case在任何情况下都不(放句首倒装句)
       
        be cautious of 谨防
 
 
       
        in charge of (=responsible for) 负责(某事)  in the charge of …由…管
       
        take charge of (=to be or become responsible for)负责管理(照顾)
       
        charge…for 因…索取(费用) , charge sb. with sth. 控告某人犯有…
       
        keep company with (=be friendly and go out together) 和…要好.
       
        in contrast towith 和…形成对比    by contrast 对比之下
       
        contribute to 有助于
       
        under control (被)控制住 out of control无法控制
       
        at one’s convenience(=where and when it suits one) 在方便的时间或地点 .be convenient to  for 对…方便
       
        convince sb. of (=cause sb. to believe or feel certain; to persuade sb.)  使某人确信,try to persuade sb. to do sth.劝说某人做…
       

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