四级完型填空词汇解析

2012/6/21 10:33:02
 in charge of (=responsible for) 负责(某事)  in the charge of …由…管
       
        take charge of (=to be or become responsible for)负责管理(照顾)
       
        charge…for 因…索取(费用) , charge sb. with sth. 控告某人犯有…
       
        keep company with (=be friendly and go out together) 和…要好.
       
        in contrast towith 和…形成对比    by contrast 对比之下
       
        contribute to 有助于
       
        under control (被)控制住 out of control无法控制
       
        at one’s convenience(=where and when it suits one) 在方便的时间或地点 .be convenient to  for 对…方便
       
        convince sb. of (=cause sb. to believe or feel certain; to persuade sb.)  使某人确信,try to persuade sb. to do sth.劝说某人做…
       
        cope with(=deal with, try to find a solution to)应付, 处理
       
        correspond to 与…相符合,相当于 . correspond with 符合,一致
       
        at all costs不惜任何代价 . at the cost of 以…为代价
       
        on credit赊购; with credit以优异成绩; to one’s credit使某人感到光荣; do sb. credit 使…感到光荣
       
        on the decline 在衰退中, 在减少中  in decline 下降; on the increase 在增加
       
        to one’s delight 令某人感到高兴 ( to one’s regret 遗憾; sorrow悲痛; relief 安心; distress 苦恼; shame羞愧; surprise 惊奇; astonishment 惊奇)
       
        have an ear for (=have keen recognition of sounds esp. in music and language)对..有鉴赏力
       
        with ease ( = easily) 容易, 不费力         at (one’s) ease ( = without worry or nervousness) 自在,不拘束
       
        economize on (=save sth. instead of being wasteful) 节省
       
        go into effect 生效. ( 近义: come into effect; take effect; be brought into effect)
       
        enter for (=put the name on a list for) 报名参加
       
        enter into (=begin) 开始(谈话, 谈判等)
       
        be entitled to (=be given the right to do sth.)有权…,有资格…
       
        except for (=apart from) 除…以外
       
        (an) exception to …的例外
       
        with the exception of (=except, apart from) 除去…., 除…以外
       
        in excess of (=more than) 超过
       
        exchange…for 以…交换
 at the expense of在损害…情况下,以…为牺牲
       
        expose…to…使暴露于…, 使…受(危险,风险)
       
        keep an eye on(=keep a watch on)照看,监视
       
        in the eyes of in one’s eyes ( = in the judgment of ) 在某人看来, 在某人眼里
       
        keep faith with 对…守信用
       
        lose faith in 对…失去信心
       
        find fault with(=complain about; criticize)对…吹毛求疵
       
        in favour of 赞成
       
        fear for (=be afraid for the safety of sb. or sth.) 为…担心
       
        for fear of (=in case of; because of anxiety about) 以防, 由于怕
       
        be fed up with(=be unhappy, tired about sth. dull) 厌烦, 腻了
       
        feel like (=have a desire for) 想要
       
        free of charge 免费
       
        head for (=move towards) 向…方向前进         hear of (=know about) 听人说起, 听说过
       
        be identified with 被视为与…等同
       
        in ignorance of 不知道…
       
        be ignorant of ( = lacking knowledge) 对…不了解,不知道
       
        be indifferent to (=not interested in)对…漠不关心, 冷淡, 不在乎
       
        (be) inferior to(=less good in quality or value) 比…差; superior to比… 好
       
        inform sb. of sth. 通知, 告诉
       
        be innocent of 无罪的,无辜的
       
        in the interests of 符合…的利益 be interested in 对…感兴趣
       
        interfere in干涉, interfere with打搅,干扰
       
        be liable to (=be subject to)易于..的,应受(罚)
       
        be liable for 对…应负责任的
       
        no more…than 和…一样都不…
       
        for the most part 多半,大多数,一般来说
       
        make the most of 充分利用
       
        name after 用…的名字命名
       
        nothing but 只有, 不过…而已
       
        be of the opinion 持有…的看法
       
        on the outskirts (of) 在城郊
       
        owe…to 把…归于…
       
        on one’s own (=along, without help)单独
       
        keep pace with 跟…齐步前进
       
        part with (=give up, sell) 舍弃,卖掉
       
        participate in (=take part in)参加
       
        be qualified in 在某种科目或学科上合格 be qualified for 在某种职业上合格
        call…in question 对…表示怀疑
       
        beyond (all) question (=without question) 毫无疑问
       
        out of the question (=impossible)不可能的
       
        in question (=under discussion)所谈及的;
 
 
       
        be caught in the rain 被雨淋了
       
        at random (=without aim or purpose) 随便地, 任意地, 胡乱地
       
        in the red 亏损,负债,赤字 (be) get out of red 不再亏损
       
        refer to…as 把…称做…
       
        result in (=cause) 导致
       
        with the result that 其结果是
       
        on schedule(=at the planned or exacted time)按时,准时;ahead of schedule提前; in advance预先;behind schedule落后于计划进度,晚于规定时间
       
        be schedule for 定在某时(进行)
       
        scrape through(in) 勉强通过
       
        from scratch(=from the beginning)从头开始
       
        in search of 寻找;in honor of 为了...表示敬意;in memory of 为纪念..;in hopes of为期待..;in pursuit of 为追求..;in behalf of为…的利益;in favor of 为赞成…;in support of 为支持…
       
        in short supply 供应不足
       
        speak ill of 说…的坏话; speak well of 说…的好话
       
        specialize in 专门研究, 专攻
       
        in step 步伐一致; out of step 步伐不齐
       
        stick sth. on 把…贴在…上
       
        stick to 粘着, 坚持
       
        subject…to(=cause…to experience)使受..到 subject (adj.) to 易受到…的
       
        submit…to 提交
       
        substitute…for 以…代替…
       
        take a fancy to (=become fond of) 喜欢
       
        yield to 对…屈服,投降,让步,顺从
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